Glossary & Terms

The information provided in the Glossary & Terms section is only to facilitate the usage of the website for the user as well as to provide insight in some key maritime terms. Milaha Maritime & Logistics bare no warranty or liability for this information.

In this section you will find insightful information on shipping terms, INCO terms, hazardous cargo, container specifications, IMDG Segragation Table and useful shipping and port links.

  • Memorandum Bill of Lading

An in–house bill of lading. A duplicate copy.

  • CFR (Cost and Freight)

(destination port-paid to arrival at destination port) Title, risk and insurance cost pass to buyer when delivered on board the ship by seller who pays the transportation cost to the destination port. Used for sea or inland waterway transportation.

  • CIF (Cost, Insurance and Freight)

(destination port-same as CFR, but includes insurance) Title and risk pass to buyer when delivered on board the ship by seller who pays transportation and insurance cost to destination port. Used for sea or inland waterway transportation.

  • CIP (Carriage and Insurance Paid To)

(place at destination-same as CPT, but includes insurance) Title and risk pass to buyer when delivered to carrier by seller who pays transportation and insurance cost to destination. Used for any mode of transportation.

  • CPT (Carriage Paid To)

(place at destination-includes all destination port charges) Title, risk and insurance cost pass to buyer when delivered to carrier or seller who pays transportation and insurance cost to destination. Used for any mode of transportation.

  • DAF (Delivered to Frontier)

(border of country-same as paid by seller to border-all other charges to buyer) Title, risk and responsibility for import clearance pass to buyer when delivered to named border point by seller. Used for any mode of transportation. (border of country-same as paid by seller to border-all other charges to buyer) Title, risk and responsibility for import clearance pass to buyer when delivered to named border point by seller. Used for any mode of transportation.

  • DDP (Delivered Duty Paid)

(consignee door-includes all charges origin to destination) Title and risk pass to buyer when seller delivers goods to named destination point cleared for import. Used for any mode of transportation.

  • DDU (Delivered Duty Unpaid)

(consignee door-excluding duties and taxes) Title, risk, and responsibility for vessel discharge and import clearance pass to buyer when seller delivers goods on board the ship to destination port. Used for sea or inland waterway transportation.

  • DEQ (Delivered Ex Quay i.e. Duty Paid)

(destination port-includes duties and taxes, but not destination charges or delivery) Title and risk pass to buyer when delivered on board the ship at the destination point by the seller who delivers goods on dock at destination point cleared for import. Used for sea or inland waterway transportation.

  • DES (Delivered Ex Ship)

(on board ship to destination port) Title, risk, responsibility for vessel discharge and import clearance pass to buyer when seller delivers goods on board the ship to destination port. Used for sea or inland waterway transportation.

  • EXW (Ex Works)

(factory, mill, warehouse: your door) Title and risk pass to buyer including payment of all transportation and insurance cost from the seller’s door. Used for any mode of transportation.

  • FAS (Free Alongside Ship)

(port, after all origin port charges) Title and risk pass to buyer including payment of all transportation and insurance cost once delivered alongside ship by the seller. Used for sea or inland waterway transportation. The export clearance obligation rests with the seller.

  • FCA (Free Carrier)

(pick a place after your origin to start) Title and risk pass to buyer including transportation and insurance cost when the seller delivers goods cleared for export to the carrier. Seller is obligated to load the goods on the Buyer’s collecting vehicle; it is the Buyer’s obligation to receive the Seller’s arriving vehicle unloaded.

  • FOB (Free On Board)

(port-same as FAS) Risk pass to buyer including payment of all transportation and insurance cost once delivered on board the ship by the seller. Used for sea or inland waterway transportation.

  • Mini Landbridge

An intermodal system for transporting containers by ocean and then by rail or motor to a port previously
served as an all–water move (e.g., Hong Kong to New York over Seattle).

  • A.I.D.

Agency for International Development.

  • A.T.A.

American Trucking Association.

  • AA

Always Afloat.
A contract term requiring that the vessel not rest on the ground. In some ports the ship is aground when approaching or at berth.

  • AAR

Abbreviation for:
– Against All Risks (insurance clause).
– Association of American Railroads.

  • Abaft

A point beyond the midpoint of a ship’s length, towards the rear or stern.

  • Abandon

A proceeding wherein a shipper/consignee seeks authority to abandon all or parts of their cargo.

  • Abatement

A discount allowed for damage or overcharge in the payment of a bill.

  • ABI

U.S. Customs’ “Automated Broker Interface,” by which brokers file importers’ entries electronically.

  • Aboard

Referring to cargo being put, or laden, onto a means of conveyance.

  • Absorption

One carrier assumes the charges of another without any increase in charges to the shipper.

  • Acceptance

– A time draft (or bill of exchange) that the drawee (payer) has accepted and is unconditionally obligated to pay at maturity.
– Broadly speaking, any agreement to purchase goods under specified terms.

  • Accessorial Charges

Charges that are applied to the base tariff rate or base contract rate, e.g., bunkers, container, currency, destination/delivery.

  • Acquiescence

When a bill of lading is accepted or signed by a shipper or shipper’s agent without protest, the shipper is said to acquiesce to the terms, giving a silent form of consent.

  • Acquittance

A written receipt in full, in discharge from all claims.

  • ACS (A.C.S.) or ACE

U.S. Customs’ master computer system, “Automated Commercial Systems.” Now being replaced by the Automated Commercial Environment system.

  • Act of God

An act beyond human control, such as lightning, flood or earthquake.
Ad Valorem
A term from Latin meaning, “according to value.” Import duty applied as a percentage of the cargo’s dutiable value.

  • Administrative Law Judge

A representative of a government commission or agency vested with power to administer oaths, examine witnesses, take testimony, and conduct hearings of cases submitted to, or initiated by, that agency. Also called Hearing Examiner.

  • Admiralty (Adm.)

Refers to marine matters such as an Admiralty Court.

  • Advance

To move cargo up line to a vessel leaving sooner than the one booked.
See also Roll.

  • Advanced Charge

Transportation charge advanced by one carrier to another to be collected by the later carrier from the consignor or consignee.

  • Advanced Notice of Arrival (ANOA)

Any vessel entering United States waters from a foreign port is required to give a 96–hour ANOV. Any vessel of 300 gross registered tonnage and greater is required to give the ANOA to the U.S. Coast Guard’s National Vessel Movement Center. Any vessel under 300 gross registered tons is required to give the ANOA to the appropriate Captain of the Port.

  • Adventure

Shipment of goods on shipper’s own account. A bill of adventure is a document signed by the master of the ship that carries goods at owner’s risk. Also, a term used in some insurance policies to mean a voyage or a shipment.

IMDG Segregation Table

Numbers and symbols relate to the following terms as defined in this chapter:
1 – “Away from“
2 – “Separated from“
3 – “Separated by a complete compartment or hold from“
4 – “Separated longitudinally by an intervening complete compartment or hold from”
X – The segregation, if any, is shown in the Dangerous Goods List

Links

Ports

  • Karachi port
  • Doha Port
  • Mesaied Port
  • Abudhabi Ports Company
  • Sharjah Port
  • Adani Port
  • Jn Port
  • New Port Project

Shipping Lines

  • Maersk
  • United Arab Shipping Company
  • MOL
  • NYK Line
  • Evergreen
  • Hamburg Sud
  • Wan Hai

Others

  • UTI
  • Muntajath
  • Dubai Trade
  • Fiata
  • Qatar Petroleum